place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized." Fourth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. Confiscation is all too common in traditional schools. The teacher
sees something they don't want a student to have, and they simply take it. No due process, only authoritarian fiat. Something easy to forget is that teachers in public schools are agents
of the State. As such, they are supposed to be held in check by Constitutional limits. No government actor is supposed to appropriate personal property without due process and checks and balances. Were they police, they'd need to convince a judge to warrant the seizure. Note that the Fourth Amendment specifies "people," not adults. There is no compelling reason why children would not fit the definition of personhood.
At Sudbury schools, we have much more respect for the rights of our students to be secure in their effects. It is against the rules to take or damage any property that is not their own without permission. This rule applies equally to the staff. Were they to confiscate something because they don't like it, they would be subject to the Judicial Committee, just as much as if a child had.
The refusal to confiscate helps prepare children to live in a democracy. But more than that, it's about honoring their rights.